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A tax increment financing (TIF) area is usually created by a city or county for use as an economic development tool. A community college can also create a TIF Area for a new jobs training program.
A TIF Area is defined in the ordinance adopted by the city or county. A TIF Area may need to be broken into multiple TIF Tax Districts because of different Consolidated Tax Levy Rates or due to an amendment to the TIF Area, such as happens in an annexation.
A city or county must adopt an urban renewal plan and then an ordinance for the division of TIF taxes. The process prescribes public notice and public hearing requirements.
Taxes in a TIF Area are split between the “base” and the “increment” values. The base value is generally described as the existing value before the TIF Area was created. The increment value is generally described as the growth in value after the TIF Area was created.
Taxes levied on the base value are distributed by the county treasurer to the Levy Authority in the same manner as for regular (non-TIF) Tax Districts. Taxes levied on the increment value are paid to the TIF Authority.
The TIF Authority is the governmental body that created the TIF Area. Usually a city, it could also be a county, a community college, or a rural improvement zone.
The amount of increment taxes depends on the relative proportion of base value to increment value in the TIF Area, and also on whether or not the TIF Authority requests all of the available value in the TIF increment taxes in a given year. You can see the distribution of our taxes on your tax bill.
No. Debt levies for counties, schools, and cities are applied against both base and increment value, as are physical land an equipment levies for school districts.
To answer this question, it is useful to assume a situation in which two real estate parcels are exactly the same in the following respects: each has the same valuation, Property Class, tax credits and exemptions, and Consolidated Tax Levy Rate. The only difference between the two is that one is in a TIF Area and the other is not. The result is that both properties will pay exactly the same amount of taxes. The difference is a TIF Area is not how much you pay in taxes, but who receives the taxes.
TIF tax revenues are used to repay debt incurred for qualifying urban renewal projects within a TIF area. Projects are for the purposes and activities listed in the Code of Iowa Sections 403.6 or 403.12 and should also be included in the city’s urban renewal plan. TIF debt for an urban renewal project can take the form of rebate agreements, internal loans, general obligation bonds, or TIF revenue bonds.